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This article covers the proprietary NVIDIA graphics card driver. For the open-source driver, see Nouveau. If you have a laptop with hybrid Intel/NVIDIA graphics, see NVIDIA Optimus instead.


Warning: Avoid installing the NVIDIA driver through the package provided from the NVIDIA website. Installation through pacman allows upgrading the driver together with the rest of the system.

These instructions are for those using the stock linux or linux-lts packages. For custom kernel setup, skip to the next subsection.

1. If you do not know what graphics card you have, find out by issuing:

2. Determine the necessary driver version for your card by:

  • finding the code name (e.g. NV50, NVC0, etc.) on Nouveau wiki's code names page
  • looking up the name in NVIDIA's legacy card list: if your card is not there you can use the latest driver
  • visiting NVIDIA's driver download site

3. Install the appropriate driver for your card:

  • For GeForce 630-900, 10-20, and Quadro/Tesla/Tegra K-series cards and newer [NVE0, NV110 and newer family cards from around 2010 and later], install the nvidia package (for use with the linux kernel) or nvidia-lts (for use with the linux-lts kernel) package.
  • If these packages do not work, nvidia-betaAUR may have a newer driver version that offers support.
  • For GeForce 400/500/600 series cards [NVCx and NVDx] from around 2010-2011, install the nvidia-390xx-dkmsAUR package.
  • For even older cards (released in 2010 or earlier), have a look at #Unsupported drivers.

4. For 32-bit application support, also install the corresponding lib32 nvidia package from the multilib repository (e.g. lib32-nvidia-utils).

5. Reboot. The nvidia package contains a file which blacklists the nouveau module, so rebooting is necessary.

Once the driver has been installed, continue to #Xorg configuration.

Unsupported drivers


If you have a GeForce 300 series card or older (released in 2010 or earlier), Nvidia no longer supports drivers for your card. This means that these drivers do not support the current Xorg version. It thus might be easier if you use the Nouveau driver, which supports the old cards with the current Xorg.

However, Nvidia's legacy drivers are still available and might provide better 3D performance/stability if you are willing to downgrade Xorg:

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  • For GeForce 8/9, ION and 100-300 series cards [NV5x, NV8x, NV9x and NVAx], install the nvidia-340xx-dkmsAUR package. Last supported Xorg version is 1.20.
  • GeForce 7 series cards and older [NV6x, NV4x and lower] do not have a driver packaged for Arch Linux.

Custom kernel

If you are using a custom kernel, compilation of the Nvidia kernel modules can be automated with DKMS.

Install the nvidia-dkms package (or a specific branch). The Nvidia module will be rebuilt after every Nvidia or kernel update thanks to the DKMS pacman hook.

DRM kernel mode setting

nvidia 364.16 adds support for DRM (Direct Rendering Manager) kernel mode setting. To enable this feature, add the nvidia-drm.modeset=1kernel parameter. For basic functionality that should suffice, if you want to ensure it's loaded at the earliest possible occasion, or are noticing startup issues you can add nvidia, nvidia_modeset, nvidia_uvm and nvidia_drm to the initramfs according to Mkinitcpio#MODULES.

If added to the initramfs do not forget to run mkinitcpio every time there is a nvidia driver update. See #Pacman hook to automate these steps.

Warning: Enabling KMS causes GNOME to default to Wayland. Non-Wayland-native applications suffer from poor performance in Wayland sessions because of the lack of hardware accelerated XWayland. This is expected to be resolved 'soon', but there is no committed timeline from NVIDIA. Use the GNOME on Xorg session instead.
Note: The NVIDIA driver does not provide an fbdev driver for the high-resolution console for the kernel compiled-in vesafb module. However, the kernel compiled-in efifb module supports a high-resolution console on EFI systems. This method requires GRUB or rEFInd and is described in NVIDIA/Tips and tricks#Fixing terminal resolution.[1][2][3].

Pacman hook

To avoid the possibility of forgetting to update initramfs after an NVIDIA driver upgrade, you may want to use a pacman hook:

Make sure the Target package set in this hook is the one you've installed in steps above (e.g. nvidia, nvidia-dkms, nvidia-lts or nvidia-ck-something).

Note: The complication in the Exec line above is in order to avoid running mkinitcpio multiple times if both nvidia and linux get updated. In case this doesn't bother you, the Target=linux and NeedsTargets lines may be dropped, and the Exec line may be reduced to simply Exec=/usr/bin/mkinitcpio -P.

Hardware accelerated video decoding

Accelerated video decoding with VDPAU is supported on GeForce 8 series cards and newer. Accelerated video decoding with NVDEC is supported on Fermi (~400 series) cards and newer. See hardware video acceleration for details.

Xorg configuration

The proprietary NVIDIA graphics card driver does not need any Xorg server configuration file. You can start X to see if the Xorg server will function correctly without a configuration file. However, it may be required to create a configuration file (prefer /etc/X11/xorg.conf.d/20-nvidia.conf over /etc/X11/xorg.conf) in order to adjust various settings. This configuration can be generated by the NVIDIA Xorg configuration tool, or it can be created manually. If created manually, it can be a minimal configuration (in the sense that it will only pass the basic options to the Xorg server), or it can include a number of settings that can bypass Xorg's auto-discovered or pre-configured options.

Tip: For more configuration options, see NVIDIA/Troubleshooting.

Automatic configuration


The NVIDIA package includes an automatic configuration tool to create an Xorg server configuration file (xorg.conf) and can be run by:


This command will auto-detect and create (or edit, if already present) the /etc/X11/xorg.conf configuration according to present hardware.

If there are instances of DRI, ensure they are commented out:

Double check your /etc/X11/xorg.conf to make sure your default depth, horizontal sync, vertical refresh, and resolutions are acceptable.


The nvidia-settings tool lets you configure many options using either CLI or GUI. Running nvidia-settings without any options launches the GUI, for CLI options see nvidia-settings(1).

You can run the CLI/GUI as a non-root user and save the settings to ~/.nvidia-settings-rc or save it as xorg.conf by using the option Save to X configuration File for a multi-user environment.

To load the ~/.nvidia-settings-rc for the current user:

See Autostarting to start this command on every boot.

Note:Xorg may not start or crash on startup after saving nvidia-settings changes. Adjusting or deleting the generated ~/.nvidia-settings-rc and/or Xorg file(s) should recover normal startup.

Manual configuration

Several tweaks (which cannot be enabled automatically or with nvidia-settings) can be performed by editing your configuration file. The Xorg server will need to be restarted before any changes are applied.

See NVIDIA Accelerated Linux Graphics Driver README and Installation Guide for additional details and options.

Minimal configuration

A basic configuration block in 20-nvidia.conf (or deprecated in xorg.conf) would look like this:

Disabling the logo on startup

Add the 'NoLogo' option under section Device:

Overriding monitor detection

The 'ConnectedMonitor' option under section Device allows to override monitor detection when X server starts, which may save a significant amount of time at start up. The available options are: 'CRT' for analog connections, 'DFP' for digital monitors and 'TV' for televisions.

The following statement forces the NVIDIA driver to bypass startup checks and recognize the monitor as DFP:

Note: Use 'CRT' for all analog 15 pin VGA connections, even if the display is a flat panel. 'DFP' is intended for DVI, HDMI, or DisplayPort digital connections only.

Enabling brightness control

Add under section Device:

If brightness control still does not work with this option, try installing nvidia-blAUR.

Note: Installing nvidia-blAUR will provide a /sys/class/backlight/nvidia_backlight/ interface to backlight brightness control, but your system may continue to issue backlight control changes on /sys/class/backlight/acpi_video0/. One solution in this case is to watch for changes on, e.g. acpi_video0/brightness with inotifywait and to translate and write to nvidia_backlight/brightness accordingly. See Backlight#sysfs modified but no brightness change.

Enabling SLI

Warning: Since the GTX 10xx Series (1080, 1070, 1060, etc) only 2-way SLI is supported. 3-way and 4-way SLI may work for CUDA/OpenCL applications, but will most likely break all OpenGL applications.

Taken from the NVIDIA driver's README Appendix B: This option controls the configuration of SLI rendering in supported configurations. A 'supported configuration' is a computer equipped with an SLI-Certified Motherboard and 2 or 3 SLI-Certified GeForce GPUs.

Find the first GPU's PCI Bus ID using lspci:

Add the BusID (3 in the previous example) under section Device:

Note: The format is important. The BusID value must be specified as 'PCI:<BusID>:0:0'

Add the desired SLI rendering mode value under section Screen:

The following table presents the available rendering modes.

0, no, off, false, SingleUse only a single GPU when rendering.
1, yes, on, true, AutoEnable SLI and allow the driver to automatically select the appropriate rendering mode.
AFREnable SLI and use the alternate frame rendering mode.
SFREnable SLI and use the split frame rendering mode.
AAEnable SLI and use SLI antialiasing. Use this in conjunction with full scene antialiasing to improve visual quality.

Alternatively, you can use the nvidia-xconfig utility to insert these changes into xorg.conf with a single command:

To verify that SLI mode is enabled from a shell:

Warning: After enabling SLI, your system may become frozen/non-responsive upon starting xorg. It is advisable that you disable your display manager before restarting.
Tip: If this configuration does not work, you may need to use the PCI Bus ID provided by nvidia-settings,

and comment out the PrimaryGPU option in your xorg.d configuration,

Using this configuration may also solve any graphical boot issues.

Multiple monitors

See Multihead for more general information.

Using nvidia-settings

The nvidia-settings tool can configure multiple monitors.

For CLI configuration, first get the CurrentMetaMode by running:

Save everything after the :: to the end of the attribute (in this case: DPY-1: 2880x1620 @2880x1620 +0+0 {ViewPortIn=2880x1620, ViewPortOut=2880x1620+0+0}) and use to reconfigure your displays with nvidia-settings --assign 'CurrentMetaMode=your_meta_mode'.

Tip: You can create shell aliases for the different monitor and resolution configurations you use.


If the driver does not properly detect a second monitor, you can force it to do so with ConnectedMonitor.

The duplicated device with Screen is how you get X to use two monitors on one card without TwinView. Note that nvidia-settings will strip out any ConnectedMonitor options you have added.


You want only one big screen instead of two. Set the TwinView argument to 1. This option should be used if you desire compositing. TwinView only works on a per card basis, when all participating monitors are connected to the same card.

Example configuration:

Device option information.

If you have multiple cards that are SLI capable, it is possible to run more than one monitor attached to separate cards (for example: two cards in SLI with one monitor attached to each). The 'MetaModes' option in conjunction with SLI Mosaic mode enables this. Below is a configuration which works for the aforementioned example and runs GNOME flawlessly.

Vertical sync using TwinView

If you are using TwinView and vertical sync (the 'Sync to VBlank' option in nvidia-settings), you will notice that only one screen is being properly synced, unless you have two identical monitors. Although nvidia-settings does offer an option to change which screen is being synced (the 'Sync to this display device' option), this does not always work. A solution is to add the following environment variables at startup, for example append in /etc/profile:

You can change DFP-0 with your preferred screen (DFP-0 is the DVI port and CRT-0 is the VGA port). You can find the identifier for your display from nvidia-settings in the 'X Server XVideoSettings' section.

Gaming using TwinView

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In case you want to play fullscreen games when using TwinView, you will notice that games recognize the two screens as being one big screen. While this is technically correct (the virtual X screen really is the size of your screens combined), you probably do not want to play on both screens at the same time.

To correct this behavior for SDL, try:

For OpenGL, add the appropriate Metamodes to your xorg.conf in section Device and restart X:

Another method that may either work alone or in conjunction with those mentioned above is starting games in a separate X server.

Mosaic mode

Mosaic mode is the only way to use more than 2 monitors across multiple graphics cards with compositing. Your window manager may or may not recognize the distinction between each monitor. Mosaic mode requires a valid SLI configuration. Even if using Base mode without SLI, the GPUs must still be SLI capable/compatible.

Base Mosaic

Base Mosaic mode works on any set of Geforce 8000 series or higher GPUs. It cannot be enabled from within the nvidia-setting GUI. You must either use the nvidia-xconfig command line program or edit xorg.conf by hand. Metamodes must be specified. The following is an example for four DFPs in a 2x2 configuration, each running at 1920x1024, with two DFPs connected to two cards:

Note: While the documentation lists a 2x2 configuration of monitors, GeForce cards are artificially limited to 3 monitors in Base Mosaic mode. Quadro cards support more than 3 monitors. As of September 2014, the Windows driver has dropped this artificial restriction, but it remains in the Linux driver.
SLI Mosaic

If you have an SLI configuration and each GPU is a Quadro FX 5800, Quadro Fermi or newer then you can use SLI Mosaic mode. It can be enabled from within the nvidia-settings GUI or from the command line with:


For now only a few Wayland compositors support NVIDIA's buffer API, see Wayland#Requirements for more information.

For further configuration options, take a look at the wiki pages or documentation of the respective compositor.

Note: For now XWayland does not support GPU acceleration with the Nvidia proprietary driver, see Wayland#XWayland for details.

Tips and tricks

See NVIDIA/Tips and tricks.


See NVIDIA/Troubleshooting.

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See also

Retrieved from 'https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php?title=NVIDIA&oldid=648439'
1.6 GB

Started in 2006, Linux Mint is now the 4th most widely used home operating system behind Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS and Canonical's Ubuntu.

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Some of the reasons for the success of Linux Mint are:

  • It works out of the box, with full multimedia support and is extremely easy to use.
  • It's both free of cost and open source.
  • It's community-driven. Users are encouraged to send feedback to the project so that their ideas can be used to improve Linux Mint.
  • Based on Debian and Ubuntu, it provides about 30,000 packages and one of the best software managers.
  • It's safe and reliable. Thanks to a conservative approach to software updates, a unique Update Manager and the robustness of its Linux architecture, Linux Mint requires very little maintenance (no regressions, no antivirus, no anti-spyware...etc).

If you are interested in giving Linux Mint a try on your current computer without running any risk, please check out our Guide: Running Linux From a USB Drive As a Virtual Machine or Bootable Disk.


64-bit architecture

  • Although both 32-bit and 64-bit versions of Linux Mint 19.3 are supported until April 2023, new releases of Linux Mint, including 20, are only available in 64-bit.
  • To upgrade to Linux Mint 20 you need to be running the 64-bit version of Linux Mint 19.3.
  • To check which version you’re running type:
  • dpkg --print-architecture
  • If it says amd64 you can upgrade to Linux Mint 20.
  • If it says i386, it means you’re using the 32-bit version. In this case you cannot upgrade and you need to stick with Linux Mint 19.3.

What's New:

Linux Mint 20 is a long term support release which will be supported until 2025. It comes with updated software and brings refinements and many new features to make your desktop experience more comfortable.


  • The star of the show in Linux Mint 20 is a new application called Warpinator.
  • 10 years ago, Linux Mint 6 featured a tool called 'Giver' which could share files across the local network. Without any server or configuration, computers would automatically see each others and you could simply drag and drop files from one to another. When the Giver project was discontinued it had to be removed from Linux Mint and we’ve been missing that functionality ever since.
  • Warpinator is a reimplementation of Giver. Server configuration (FTP, NFS, Samba) is overkill for casual file transfers between two computers, and it’s a real pity to use external media (Internet services, USB sticks, external HDDs) just to share files when there’s a local network which could do just that.
  • With Warpinator, Linux Mint 20 brings back easy file sharing across the local network.
  • The main window shows you the computers on the local network which are also running Warpinator.

Nvidia Optimus

  • Linux Mint 20 features improved support for Nvidia Optimus.
  • The NVIDIA Prime applet now shows your GPU renderer and you can select which card to switch to straight from its menu.
  • The NVIDIA 'On-Demand' profile is also now fully supported. When you run in that mode, it is your Intel card which renders the session and a menu option is available to let you offload a particular application to your NVIDIA card.
  • Select an application in the menu, right-click and select 'Run with NVIDIA GPU'. It’s that simple.
  • From the command-line, two new commands are available to offload to GLX or to Vulkan:
  • nvidia-optimus-offload-glx
  • nvidia-optimus-offload-vulkan
  • To boost compatibility and make it easier to boot Linux Mint 20 in live mode without NVIDIA drivers, 'nomodeset' was also added to the 'Compatibility Mode'.


  • XAppStatusIcon received the ability to handle mouse wheel scrolling events and a new function similar to gtk_menu_popup() which makes it even easier than before to port applications from GtkStatusIcon.
  • In all editions (Cinnamon, MATE and Xfce) many of the tray icons were harmonized, given symbolic icons and HiDPI support.
  • Blueberry, mintupdate, mintreport, nm-applet, mate-power-manager, mate-media, redshift, rhythmbox all use XAppStatusIcon and give the tray a consistent look in Mint 20.

Cinnamon 4.6

  • The performance of the Nemo file manager was improved. The new version tries to prioritize content and navigation and to delay thumbnails as much as possible. As a result, the content of directories shows up with generic icons before the thumbnails are rendered, but the improvement in performance is quite noticeable.
  • This also has a positive impact on performance in cases of heavy I/O and slow HDDS, such as when moving videos to external devices.
  • In the Display Settings, it is now possible to set the refresh rate.
  • Cinnamon 4.6 also introduces fractional scaling. Until now your scaling was either 100% (normal mode) or 200% (HiDPI mode) and it was the same for all your monitors. With Cinnamon 4.6 each monitor can have a different scaling and it can be set to values in between 100% and 200%.
  • In normal mode the resolution you set is the resolution you see. In HiDPI, at 200% scaling, the screen is showing twice the pixel density so everything looks sharper, but the resolution you see on the screen is only half the resolution of your monitor. Many HiDPI displays have a resolution which is actually quite small once HiDPI is activated.
  • Take a 13' Macbook Retina 2013. Its screen resolution is 2560×1600. That’s too much for a 13' screen; Applications, text and desktop items look way too small. In HiDPI mode, the screen shows twice the pixel density and everything looks really crisp, but look what happens to the resolution… it gets halved to 1280×800. The problem then is that 800px is not enough in terms of screen space, and some applications don’t even fit in it. A display like this one looks perfect in 1200px and that unfortunately means reducing the actual resolution to 1200px and not using HiDPI.
  • Another issue with HiDPI is multi-monitor support. You could plug an external monitor to this Macbook in the hope to stay in HiDPI on the laptop but to be in normal mode on the monitor. That wasn't possible before though, either all screens or none at all could be in HiDPI... and a non-HiDPI compatible screen set in HiDPI was just unusable.
  • Fractional scaling addresses these limitations. By being able to set the scaling for each monitor independently and allow for scaling values of not only 100% and 200% but also 125%, 150%, 175%, Cinnamon 4.6 tries to get higher pixel density and to allow HiDPI and non-HiDPI monitors to play well with each others.
  • In the example of the Macbook plugged to a non-HiDPI monitor, we’d typically set the Macbook to 150% and the monitor to 100%. Under the hood, the entire desktop environment would run in HiDPI mode, but the actual scaling of the Macbook screen would be reduced from 200% to 150% and the scaling of the monitor from 200% to 100%. We’d end up with a monitor which looks perfectly normal, and a Macbook screen which has a nice 1200px resolution and a 'half-hidpi' 1.5 pixel density, which doesn’t look as crisp as full-hidpi, but looks crisper than in normal mode.
  • Middle-clicking the keyboard applet cycles keyboard layouts.
  • Cinnamon screensaver supports custom commands, making it possble to use alternative screen lockers with Cinnamon.

XApps improvements

  • Xed received the ability to join lines together and to remove trailing whitelines before saving files.
  • Xviewer received fullscreen and diaporama toolbar buttons and remembers if its window was maximized.
  • In Xreader a print button was added to the toolbar.
  • To guarantee better support for modern Electron apps and indicators XappStatusIcon received mouse wheel support and SNI (StatusNotifier, libIndicator) support.

Other improvements

  • Gdebi, the tool used to open and install .deb files was given a new user interface.
  • The login screen (Slick Greeter) supports stretching backgrounds across multiple monitors.
  • System improvements
  • Apturl switched backend from Synaptic to Aptdaemon.
  • APT recommends are enabled by default for newly installed packages (not for upgrades).
  • Snapd is disabled by default and APT packages are not allowed to install it.
  • Live sessions running under Virtualbox automatically get their resolution bumped to a minimum of 1024x768.
  • This release ships with linux-firmware 1.187 and the Linux kernel 5.4.

Artwork improvements

  • The Mint-Y theme provides a nice variety of colors. A community project was started on Github to gather feedback and fine-tune these colors to find the right balance between colorful vibrant hues and contrast levels which don't take the user's focus away from the content being shown on the screen.
  • Yellow folders are also available.

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Main components

Linux Mint 20 features Cinnamon 4.6, a Linux kernel 5.4 and an Ubuntu 20.04 package base.

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